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Turkey ranks second in failure to execute ECtHR judgments

Turkey ranks second in failure to execute ECtHR judgments

 

Annual report from the Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers shows 689 judgments of the European Court of Human Rights still not implemented

The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe has published its annual report on the supervision of the execution of judgments and decisions of the European Court of Human Rights. According to the report, out of 47 member countries of the Council of Europe, with 689 ECtHR rulings waiting to be executed, Turkey ranks second after Russia in the number of cases pending.

The 13th annual report, published on 1 April 2020, shows 184 new cases on Turkey were sent to the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe for the supervision of the execution in 2019. Turkey ranked second after Russia also in this category: In 2019, 240 new cases concerning Russia were sent to the Committee of Ministers. Russia and Turkey were followed by Ukraine with 111, Hungary with 91 and Moldova with 89 new cases. The total number of cases brought before the Committee of Ministers in 2019 was 1,160.

In terms of the number of cases pending before the Committee of Ministers, Russia tops the list with 1,663 cases. After Russia and Turkey in second place with 689 cases, came Ukraine with 591 cases, followed by Romania with 284, Hungary with 266 and Italy with 198 cases. The total number of cases pending before the Committee is 5,231.

The annual report reveals that compared to the previous year, there is a visible decrease in the number of cases on Turkey pending before the Committee in 2019. The number of cases pending before the Committee of Ministers as of the end of 2018 was 1,237. 

It also shows that 238 of the 689 cases on Turkey pending before the Committee are under enhanced supervision, referring to a closer monitoring by the Committee of the progress in execution as compared to the standard procedure. 

11 percent of the cases under enhanced supervision concern Turkey. In the percentage of cases under enhanced supervision Turkey comes after Russia comprising 19 and Ukraine comprising 17 percent of the cases. 

Closed cases

Numerous cases concerning Turkey were closed by the Committee in 2019. The decision to close a case is given once the respondent state is considered to have taken the necessary steps to resolve the violations established by ECtHR.

According to the report, with 732 cases closed, Turkey had the highest number of cases resolved in 2019. This figure was 372 in 2018. Turkey was followed by Ukraine with 443, Russia with 162, Romania with 113 and Italy with 86 cases closed. In 2019 a total of 2,080 cases concerning the member states of the Council of Europe were closed.

The report also shows that the ECtHR ruled to award a total compensation worth 2,170,693 euros in cases concerning Turkey. This year the total amount of compensation ruled to be awarded by ECtHR was 77,244,22 euros. 

The Committee of Ministers’ full report can be viewed here.

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