Expression Interrupted

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Rights groups call for swift end to Evrensel’s advertising ban

Rights groups call for swift end to Evrensel’s advertising ban

Evrensel faces removal from the public advertising system for at least three years if ban is not lifted until 28 March


A group of local and international freedom of media organizations wrote a joint letter to Press Advertising Agency (BİK) on 16 March 2020, calling for an end to a ban on running state ads that was imposed on independent newspaper Evrensel in September 2019.

The signatories, 24 freedom of speech and media organizations that include Platform for Independent Journalism (P24), Article 19, International Press Institute (IPI) and Reporters Without Borders (RSF), underlined that the ban threatens closure of Evrensel and could weaken media diversity and pluralism in Turkey.

If the ban is not lifted by 28 March 2020, Evrensel will be excluded from public advertising for at least three years. BİK, the state agency in charge of distributing public advertising funds, banned Evrensel from running public advertisements on the ground of bulk buying. Evrensel says it has taken steps to bring its distribution system into line with BİK regulations since then but the ban remains in place.

In the joint letter addressing BİK General Director Rıdvan Duran, the 24 signatories also asked for more transparency about how BİK distributes its funds.

Full text of the letter is below:


Rıdvan Duran,

General Director, Basın İlan Kurumu (BIK)

Merkez Efendi Mah. Mevlana Cad. No: 140/A

Toya Plaza Kat: 5 Zeytinburnu / İSTANBUL


March 16, 2020

Dear Mr. Duran,

On behalf of the 24 international and local press freedom organisations and signatories to this letter, we are writing to ask that Basın İlan Kurumu (BIK) swiftly lift the advertising ban currently imposed on the newspaper Evrensel.

Evrensel has been under an advertising ban since September, 2019, and if the ban remains in place for a full six months, until March 28, 2020, Evrensel faces being removed from the public advertising system for at least three years.

Such a decision would have a devastating impact on the finances of the newspaper, threatening its closure and weakening the diversity and pluralism of Turkey’s newspaper market.

In February you met with representatives of the International Press Institute (IPI), Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Journalists Syndicate of Turkey (TGS), Reporters sans Frontières (RSF) and the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) and assured them that the ban would be lifted as soon as Evrensel made the necessary changes to their distribution system so as not to fall foul of the bulk buying rules.

Evrensel have since made the changes requested of them, but have three times had their appeals refused after new audits conducted by BIK.

BIK was given a crucial democratic role when it was established in 1961 to provide support to the country’s newspaper sector through the even distribution of public advertising funds. The system has become essential to the survival of many newspapers as the economic pressures on the print industry have grown over the past decade.

BIK’s role is therefore vital to ensure the health, diversity and plurality of Turkey’s newspaper sector. Central to that is, of course, its policy to provide support regardless of a newspaper’s editorial line. Evrensel is known for its independent reporting and has, in recent years, been targeted for judicial harassment as a consequence.

In addition to the indefinite ban, since September BIK has also issued three other limited bans on Evrensel for alleged ‘press ethics violations.’ Further penalties would strongly suggest that BIK is being used to punish Evrensel for its independent reporting.

We urge you therefore to make good on your promise and to ensure the prompt lifting of the ban on Evrensel prior to the end of the six-month deadline.

We also take this opportunity to urge BIK to start publishing annual reports on the distribution of its funds that we understand amount to 450 million Turkish Lira of public funds and on the different disciplinary measures taken against newspapers. Providing transparency on BIK’s use of public funds would enable the public to verify that its money is used correctly and is consistent with the principles of supporting a pluralistic and democratic media environment.

Kind regards



Article 19

Articolo 21

Association of European Journalists (AEJ)

Cartoonists Rights Network International (CRNI)

Civic Space Studies Association – Turkey / Sivil Alan Araştırmaları Derneği

Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)

Danish PEN

English PEN

European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF)

European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)

German PEN

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)

International Press Institute (IPI)

Journalists Union of Turkey

Norwegian PEN

Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso Transeuropa (OBCT)

PEN America

PEN International


Reporters Without Borders (RSF)

South East Europe Media Organisation (SEEMO)

Swedish PEN

World Association of News Publishers (WAN-IFRA)